During childbirth it can be common to sustain a tear to the vagina and these do not normal require any further management. For some women this tear also involves the muscles around the back passage (anal sphincter muscles). These muscles help control opening your bowels and prevent leakage of wind or bowel motions.
You will be told at the time of your delivery if you have a tear involving these muscles; it is called a 3rd or 4th degree tear. Tears involving this muscle need to be seen in our clinic normally around 12 weeks after your delivery.